Naples is the region's capital and filled with historic castles and sites. The city was first colonized by the ancient Greeks, who gave it the name Neapolis (new city). Today, Naples' city center is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
A short distance from Naples stands the once lost city of Pompeii. Covered in ash from a volcanic eruption in 79 AD, the site was only accidentally discovered during renovations some 1,700 years later.
Winding along coastal roads, the rugged town of Amalfi emerges with its colorful terraces perched along steep slopes. In the public squares below, take your pick of restaurants and linger in souvenir shops where red coral jewelry is the signature accessory.